Social Integration and Mental Health Promotion: A Study of Black Adolescents

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Social Integration and Mental Health Promotion: A Study of Black Adolescents

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dc.contributor.advisor Shields, Joseph J en_US Rose, Theda Y en_US
dc.contributor.other BrintzenhofeSzoc, Karlynn en_US
dc.contributor.other Joe, Sean en_US 2011-02-24T20:48:53Z 2011-02-24T20:48:53Z 2010 en_US 2011-02-24T20:48:53Z
dc.identifier.other Rose_cua_0043A_10085 en_US
dc.description Degree awarded: Ph.D. Social Work. The Catholic University of America en_US
dc.description.abstract The relationship between adolescent social contexts and their mental health has not been well investigated, particularly in the lives of Black adolescents. Within the available literature, how family, school, and religious contexts foster better mental health in adolescents is even less explored. Statistics on the prevalence of adolescent mental disorders necessitate a comprehensive approach that moves beyond an emphasis on pathology to a focus on fostering mental health. As mental health promotion has received the least amount of scientific attention, and knowledge about Black adolescent mental health is lacking, the purpose of this study is to explore whether adolescent social contexts positively impact the mental health of Black adolescents, using a Durkheimian theoretical framework. The present study is a secondary analysis of the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent (NSAL-A), a national probability sample of 1170 African American and Caribbean Black adolescents. The NSAL-A is characterized as a complex sample survey based on the use of a stratified and clustered sample design, along with sample weights, to obtain the nationally representative sample. The study hypothesizes that family, school, and religious integration will be positively related to mental health in Black adolescents, while accounting for significant demographic variables. Mental health is defined by indicators of both positive and negative aspects of psychosocial well-being. Structural equation modeling is used to investigate the relationships between the social integration and mental health latent variables. The findings reveal that integration into family, school, and religion was important for Black adolescent mental health. Greater family and school integration fostered better psychosocial well-being and protected against lower psychosocial well-being. Both higher religious commitment and lower religious involvement significantly predicted better psychosocial well-being; the latter, however, was an unexpected finding. Neither religious commitment nor religious involvement was significantly related to lower psychosocial well-being. The results of the study contribute to the mental health research literature for Black adolescents and can inform the development or enhancement of social work direct practice or program level interventions targeted to this group. en_US
dc.format.extent 173 p. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language eng en_US
dc.publisher The Catholic University of America en_US
dc.subject Social Work en_US
dc.subject.other Black Adolescents en_US
dc.subject.other Durkheim en_US
dc.subject.other Family Integration en_US
dc.subject.other Mental Health Promotion en_US
dc.subject.other Religious Integration en_US
dc.subject.other School Integration en_US
dc.title Social Integration and Mental Health Promotion: A Study of Black Adolescents en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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