The Prophetic Critique of the Priority of the Cult: A Study of Amos 5:21-24 and Isaiah 1:10-17

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The Prophetic Critique of the Priority of the Cult: A Study of Amos 5:21-24 and Isaiah 1:10-17

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dc.contributor.advisor Begg, Christopher T en_US Lafferty, Theresa Veronica en_US
dc.contributor.other Miller, Robert D en_US
dc.contributor.other Jensen, Joseph en_US
dc.contributor.other Wiseman, James A en_US 2011-02-24T20:47:37Z 2011-02-24T20:47:37Z 2010 en_US 2011-02-24T20:47:37Z
dc.identifier.other Lafferty_cua_0043A_10087 en_US
dc.description Degree awarded: Ph.D. Biblical Studies. The Catholic University of America en_US
dc.description.abstract The eighth century B.C. saw the rise of the so-called writing prophets, when the books of Amos, Hosea, Micah, and Isaiah began to be compiled. Amos 5:21-24 and Isaiah 1:10-17 contain severe criticism of the practices and celebrations of Israel's cult. Amos delivers his oracle in the northern temple at Bethel; Isaiah prophesies in the (southern) Temple in Jerusalem. Both prophets' missions occur at about the same time, contain approximately the same message with regard to the cult, and purport to be a direct quotation from Yhwh, and each one negates the centrality of the cult. This dissertation examines and analyzes these two texts, and focuses specifically on their critique of the priority given to the cult by their audiences vis-à-vis other aspects of the divine/human relationship.The study begins with a survey of the cult and critique of the cult in ancient Israel and establishes the place and significance of the cult particularly in preexilic Israel and Judah. It then explores the internal and external situation of Israel and Judah in the eighth century on the basis of the relevant biblical and extra-biblical sources. A close reading of Amos 5:21-24 and Isa 1:10-17 determines the problem addressed by the prophets: that justice and righteousness must permeate the lives of the Israelites; and according to Yhwh such behavior is more important and necessary than the practice of the cult. This message, which promotes compassion towards one's neighbors as indicative of one's regard for Yhwh, flows throughout the OT passages that contain criticism of the cult and highlights its importance. That Amos and Isaiah proclaim similar messages during the same time period, although in different temples, emphasizes the importance of just and righteous behavior for Israelite society. en_US
dc.format.extent 154 p. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language eng en_US
dc.publisher The Catholic University of America en_US
dc.subject Religion, Biblical Studies en_US
dc.subject.other Amos en_US
dc.subject.other Isaiah en_US
dc.subject.other Old Testament en_US
dc.title The Prophetic Critique of the Priority of the Cult: A Study of Amos 5:21-24 and Isaiah 1:10-17 en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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